Point Puer was established by Governor Arthur to accommodate boys aged between ten and 14. During the convict era, they made up between ten and twenty percent of the arrivals on each ship.
Point Puer was the first ever British institution designed to reform boys who had committed a criminal offence. The reform program included separation from the adult convicts, basic schooling, and religious instruction. Boys who were considered to be well behaved learned shoemaking, tailoring, carpentry, stonemasonry, bookbinding or boat building. The rest cleared and worked the land. The Commandant imposed a hierarchical system of punishment.
By the end of the 1830s, 500 boys lived at Point Puer. Between 1842 and 1844, the numbers grew to 700. After Parkhurst Reformatory was built on the Isle of Wight off the south coast of England, fewer boys were transported to Australia. Numbers at Point Puer declined. It closed in 1849.
07 August 2013
Cite this: http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/guide/ref/TE00236
First published by the Find & Connect Web Resource Project for the Commonwealth of Australia, 2011
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