[Taken from the Western Australian guide Signposts:]
In the Annual Report of the Department for Community Welfare in 1976, Nyandi's function was described as being to "provide training and socialization of adolescent girls who, in the majority, have committed a number of offences. However a number of dependent but not delinquent girls are being referred to Nyandi care for brief social training."In 1979, the Welstat (welfare statistics) report defined Nyandi as an Institution (ie a "residential child care establishment that is mainly for child offenders, children on remand for alleged offences or uncontrolled children, and that has, as one of its aims, the full-time secure detention of its child.)". This definition was extrapolated in the 1980 Annual Report of the Department for Community Welfare, which noted: "girls aged from 13 to 18 years are catered for by the Nyandi treatment and research complex. Generally girls are referred to Nyandi because they have been demonstrating unacceptable behaviour in the community. The Nyandi system of treatment is conducted through a secure unit, three residential hostels and a comprehensive after-care service."
By 1984, following the recommendations made by Professor Edwards' Treatment of Juvenile Offenders report, the Annual Report indicated the two clear categories of girls who were admitted into the Nyandi system. These comprised:
"Welfare Preventative Cases:
The main presenting problems are behaviours which would put a girl at risk. Many girls in this group have criminal convictions, but these are of a minor nature. The reason for referral is to attend to Welfare needs. Half the admissions to the complex in the 83-84 financial year were in this group.
The other reason for referral is the girl's criminal convictions." In 1985, Nyandi's secure unit was described in the Annual Report as having the goals of reducing "offending, to maintain the security, safety and wellbeing of girls and staff, to see that girls are disadvantaged as little as possible by their stay in custody, and to see that their legal entitlements are met. The philosophy has been to use the period of custody to teach personal and social skills which enable girls to have realistic alternatives to offending on release."
In June 1986, Nyandi's secure detention unit for the first time accepted boys aged 12 to 14 years into its program.
Sponsoring agency: Department of Child Welfare, now Department of Justice
Other known names: The Maximum Security Centre at Nyandi was known as "Pineview" and the on-site hostel as "Gwynne-Lea."
Brief History: Established February 1970 as a "maximum security training centre with supportive hostel accommodation for the long-term treatment of girls whose behavioural problems could not be effectively treated in more open situations." The hostel within the grounds is known as "Gwynlea" and accommodates 16 girls. By 1980, there were two other hostels associated with Nyandi - Watson Lodge (first identified as an adjunct to Nyandi in
1976) and Karingal.
By 1984, only Gwynne Lea and Karingal were residential; Watson Lodgeprovided day programs only [see entries].
Nyandi's Aftercare Unit in 1984 consisted of five Groupworkers; three parttime Homemakers; one part-time Teacher and one Social Worker and concentrated "on working with the girl in her immediate social environment."
During the 1986/87 year, Nyandi Administration undertook a review of the Nyandi System, with a number of changes to the service being made as a result. These included extending the secure detention service for the first time to boys aged 12-14 years, and increasing its capacity to its previous 20 beds; and extending the programmes available through Watson Lodge and the Karingal Unit [see entries].
Nyandi became the responsibility of what is now (2004) the Department of Justice on July 1, 1993 and remains open.
A more detailed chronology of major events, admissions and discharges is included in Table 33.
Records of young people in secure detention at Nyandi up until 1993 when the facility came under the control of the Department of Justice are held by the Department for Child Protection and Family Support.
While access to records is restricted to protect the privacy of individuals, people are encouraged to enquire.
The collection held by the Department for Child Protection and Family Support (DCPFS) dates from 1894. It includes records from the Government Receiving Depot, the State Children's Department, the Child Welfare Department and more recent departments which have been known at different times as the Department for Child Protection, Community Development, Community Welfare, Community Services, and Family and Children's Services. The records relate to children who were placed in all types of out of home 'care' in Western Australia. Some of the records held by the DCPFS were originally created by another government department or private agency.
Contact Freedom of Information, Department for Child Protection and Family Support:
PO Box 6334, East Perth WA 6892
Telephone: (08) 6217 6388 or (08) 6217 6381
Facsimile: (08) 9222 2776
Free call in WA: 1800 000 277
10 February 2014
Cite this: http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/guide/wa/WE00167
First published by the Find & Connect Web Resource Project for the Commonwealth of Australia, 2011
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