The area know known as New Norcia in Western Australia, was settled in 1846 by two exiled Spanish monks, Joseph Serra and Rudesind Salvado, from St. Martin's Abbey, Compostella. They had volunteered for foreign mission work and were sent to Australia in 1846 and settled in Aboriginal lands in an area approximately seventy miles north of Perth, which they called New Norcia in honour of St. Benedict's birthplace. A number of outlying mission stations were established. Dom Serra became coadjutor to the Bishop of Perth in 1848, and Dom Salvado was made Bishop of Port Victoria in 1849, in addition to remaining superior of New Norcia. New Norcia was made an abbey in 1867 with a diocese attached.