The 'Bringing them Home Report' shows that an Aborigines Protection Board was set up in 1886 to be 'responsible for the care, custody and education of Aboriginal children.' From 1905 to 1963, the 'Chief Protector' and later the 'Commissioner of Native Welfare' became 'the legal guardian of all Aboriginal children (except State wards after 1954)'. The 'Aborigines Department', until 1963, was responsible for the 'custody, maintenance and education' of Aboriginal children. p.226
'Protection' included the power to remove and 'confine' children. 'After 1909 the removal power in relation to 'half-caste' children under eight years [was] delegated to police protectors and Justices of the Peace.' By making the Chief Protector or Board their guardian, 'they were not in law guilty of wrongful imprisonment of Indigenous children' p.220-221.