The Empire Settlement Act 1922 was Commonwealth legislation that prescribed the relationship between the State, Federal and other governments in the British Empire. It also dealt with the processes and procedures for immigration from Britain to Australia. This Act is especially relevant for the history of child and youth migration to this country. Its broader aims were to stimulate primary production, foster industry and trade within the Empire and provide for its stability and security. According to Langfield, the Empire Settlement Act was renewed in 1937 for a further fifteen years but effectively came to an end with World War II.