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Organisation Fairbridge Farm School (1938 - 1973)
- Care Provider, Farm School and Non-denominational
- Alternative Names
- Molong Farm School (also referred to as)
The Fairbridge Farm Schools of New South Wales, in association with the Fairbridge Society, London, was involved in the emigration of children from the United Kingdom and their care and schooling at the Fairbridge Farm School, Molong New South Wales, between 1938 and the early 1970s. The actual emigration arrangements were made by the Fairbridge Society, London, while the provision of care and schooling after the children arrived in Australia was the responsibility of the Fairbridge Farm Schools of New South Wales.
Fairbridge Farm Schools was started by a group of 12 NSW Rhodes Scholars and four other citizens who wanted to bring the principles of Kingsley Fairbridge to NSW. They bought the Molong property and did a deal with the Fairbridge Society in London to supply them with children, in return for using the name Fairbridge. They accepted the London Fairbridge Society's demand that it retain the right to hire and fire the principal of Fairbridge Farms and control the records of children at Molong.
The Fairbridge Society, London was involved in similar schemes in other places including the Farm School at Pinjarra in Western Australia and others in Canada and Rhodesia (Zimbabwe). The difference between the Molong Farm School and the other Fairbridge Farm Schools is that, while all the others were established and operated with monies largely from the United Kingdom, the Molong Farm School was established and operated with monies largely from Australian sources.
The Fairbridge Farm School, Molong closed in 1973.
The money from the sale of the farm was administered by the Fairbridge Foundation, which had replaced the original Fairbridge Society. It has the responsibility of distributing its revenues, as donations, to charitable institutions for underprivileged children in NSW and has responsibility for the custody of the personal files of the children who passed through the Fairbridge Farm School at Molong.
Former residents of the Farm School have formed an Old Fairbridgians' Association, based in Molong. The Old Fairbridgians Association is made up mainly of children who went through Fairbridge, and has associate members, such as ex staff, spouses and children of Old Fairbridgians.
- 1938 - 1973
- Fairbridge Farm School situated at Molong. Location: Molong
Records Managed by
- Hill, David, The Forgotten Children: Fairbridge Farm School and its betrayal of Australia's child migrants, Random House, North Sydney, 2007, 338 pp. Details
- Humphreys, Margaret, Empty Cradles, Doubleday, London; Sydney, 2010, 331 pp. Details
- 'The Forgotten Australians - Fairbridge Farm School, Molong', in Migration Heritage Centre New South Wales, Migration Heritage Centre New South Wales, NSW Government, 2010, http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/exhibition/fairbridge/fairbridge-transcripts/. Details
- Coldrey, Barry, Good British stock: child and youth migration to Australia, This is a research guide published by the National Archives of Australia. It contains detailed historical information about Australia's immigration policy and child and youth migration to Australia. It also has information about relevant archival records in Australia and overseas relating to child and youth migration., National Archives of Australia, 1999, http://guides.naa.gov.au/good-british-stock/. Details
- Hornery, Sonia (Wallsend), 'Forgotten Australians', in Hansard: NSW Legislative Assembly by date, Hansard, 25 November 2010, http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/hansart.nsf/V3Key/LA20101125012. Details
- Jackson, Elizabeth, NSW government issues apology to the Forgotten Australians, AM, ABC Radio, 19 September 2009, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2009-09-19/nsw-government-issues-apology-to-the-forgotten/1435128. Details
- Thinee, Kristy and Bradford, Tracy, Connecting Kin: Guide to Records, A guide to help people separated from their families search for their records [completed in 1998], New South Wales Department of Community Services, Sydney, New South Wales, 1998, http://www.community.nsw.gov.au/DOCSWR/_assets/main/documents/connectkin_guide.pdf. Details
- Immigration - Child migrants working in the garden at the Fairbridge Farm School at Molong, NSW
- A1200, L11569
- National Archives of Australia
Sources used to compile this entry: Hill, David, The Forgotten Children: Fairbridge Farm School and its betrayal of Australia's child migrants, Random House, North Sydney, 2007, 338 pp.
Prepared by: Naomi Parry
Created: 21 March 2011, Last modified: 6 March 2013