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Organisation Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children (1858 - 1915)
- Care Provider, Children's Home and Non-denominational
[Taken from the CLAN website, Homes and Orphanages section]
The Asylum for Destitute Children, previously known as Ormond House, relocated to Randwick in 1858. A substantial sandstone building, to accommodate 400 children, was constructed on the new site.
The children were normally between the ages of three and ten years and not eligible for admission to the Orphan Schools. Every child admitted (including voluntary admissions) was to remain the responsibility of the Institution until aged 19 or, in the case of a female marrying earlier, until her marriage. However, parents could and did reclaim their children.
The Randwick site included a farm where the boys learnt farming skills. Many of the boys and girls became apprenticed to the Institution when they reached 12. The children received a basic education. From 1877 they received a State education from teachers from the Council of Education.
The State Children Relief Act, 1881 authorised any State child under the age of twelve to be removed from an Asylum and boarded-out. The Asylum began boarding-out children in 1883.
The Government ceased funding the home after 1888 and no longer used it to accommodate State children. The Asylum survived because parents could place their children there for short periods and reclaim them, and could pay their fees and retain visiting rights. This was more flexible than the State Children's Relief Department's policies.
Nevertheless, the premises were increasingly under-utilised. It was taken over by the Federal Government during World War I as a military hospital for wounded and disabled returned servicemen. In April 1915 the children remaining at the Asylum were sent to cottage style institutions or boarded-out.
- 1858 - 1915
- Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children situated at Randwick. Location: Randwick
1852 - 1858 Ormond House (I)
1858 - 1915 Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children
- Ramsland, John, Children of the back lanes: destitute and neglected children in colonial New South Wales, University of New South Wales Press, Kensington, 1986, 249 pp. Details
- Bluett, Ros, Charity and Justice: The early days of the Benevolent Society in Sydney, ABC Radio National Hindsight, 24 March 2013. Also available at http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/hindsight/the-benevolent/4552918. Details
- Index to Child Care and Protection, State Records NSW, http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/indexes-online/indexes-to-education-and-child-welfare-records/index-to-child-care-and-protection. Details
- 'Archives Investigator Archives in Brief 59 - Child care and protection', in Archives in Brief, State Records Authority of New South Wales, http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/guides-and-finding-aids/archives-in-brief/archives-in-brief-59. Details
- Homes Listings, Care Leavers Australia Network (CLAN), http://www.clan.org.au/homes_listing.php. Details
- State Records, The Index to Child Care and Protection, State Records Authority of New South Wales, https://www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/indexes-online/indexes-to-education-and-child-welfare-records/index-to-child-care-and-protection/index-to-child-care-and-protection. Details
- Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children
- Care Leavers Australia Network [CLAN]
Prepared by: Melissa Downing
Created: 24 May 2011, Last modified: 20 December 2011