1800 16 11 09
Want some help?
Does this page need updating?
What to expect when accessing records about you.
Other Find & Connect resources
Event Child and Youth Migration (c. 1911 - 1967)
- c. 1911
Child migrants were school age children in care institutions in the United Kingdom. They were usually from eight to thirteen years of age on arrival, although some were younger. Youth migrants were usually young men aged 15-19 years of age who had left school and had made their own decision to migrate.
Before World War II child migration schemes provided farm training for boys and domestic skills for girls. Post-World War II emphasis was placed on increasing Australia's population. Prior to 1946 child migration was administered largely by the State governments. The first youth migrants to New South Wales were the Dreadnought Boys, aged 16-19 years, brought out by the Dreadnought Trust in 1911 under an agreement with the New South Wales Government.
The main care agencies involved in child migration were Barnados, Fairbridge, Catholic Church agencies and some Protestant Churches. The Big Brother Movement encouraged youth migration. Child and youth migration to New South Wales ceased in 1967.
- Hill, David, The Forgotten Children: Fairbridge Farm School and its betrayal of Australia's child migrants, Random House, North Sydney, 2007, 338 pp. Details
- Humphreys, Margaret, Oranges and Sunshine, Corgi, London, 2010, 383 pp. Details
- Humphreys, Margaret, Empty Cradles, Doubleday, London; Sydney, 2010, 331 pp. Details
- McLean, Donald, Children In Need: An account of the administration and functions of the Child Welfare Department, New South Wales, Australia: with an examination of the principles involved in helping deprived and wayward children, Government Printer, Sydney, 1955, 173 pp. Details
- Senate Community Affairs References Committee Secretariat, Parliament of Australia, Lost Innocents and Forgotten Australians Revisited: Report on the progress with the implementation of the recommendations of the Lost Innocents and Forgotten Australians Reports, Commonwealth of Australia, 2009. Also available at http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate_Committees?url=clac_ctte/recs_lost_innocents_forgotten_aust_rpts/report/index.htm. Details
- Child Migrants: Accessing records held by Commonwealth and State Archives, Council of Australasian Archives and Records Authorities [CAARA], http://www.caara.org.au/index.php/publications/child-migrants-accessing-records-held-by-commonwealth-and-state-archives. Details
- 'Archives in Brief 91: 20th century child and youth migration', in Archives in Brief, This Archives in Brief provides a brief overview of the major sources held by State Records that relate to child and youth migration., State Records Authority of New South Wales, 2003, http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/guides-and-finding-aids/archives-in-brief/archives-in-brief-91. Details
- Fields of Memories: The Scheyville Training Farm and Migrant Accommodation Centre 1911-1964, NSW Migration Heritage Centre, 2006, http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/exhibitions/fieldsofmemories/index.shtml. Details
- 'Rees apologises over orphanage abuse', The Sydney Morning Herald, 19 September 2009, http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-national/rees-apologises-over-orphanage-abuse-20090919-fvvi.html. Details
- 'The Forgotten Australians - Fairbridge Farm School, Molong', in Migration Heritage Centre New South Wales, Migration Heritage Centre New South Wales, NSW Government, 2010, http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/exhibition/fairbridge/fairbridge-transcripts/. Details
- Migration Heritage Centre New South Wales, Migration Heritage Centre New South Wales: NSW Government, 2010, http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au. Details
- Inside: Life in Children's Homes and Institutions, National Museum of Australia, 2012, http://www.nma.gov.au/exhibitions/inside_life_in_childrens_homes_and_institutions/home. Details
- Benns, Matthew, 'Rees offers apology to casualties of care system', The Sydney Morning Herald, 20 September 2009, http://www.smh.com.au/national/rees-offers-apology-to-casualties-of-care-system-20090919-fw4b.html?skin=text-only. Details
- Coldrey, Barry, Good British stock: child and youth migration to Australia, This is a research guide published by the National Archives of Australia. It contains detailed historical information about Australia's immigration policy and child and youth migration to Australia. It also has information about relevant archival records in Australia and overseas relating to child and youth migration., National Archives of Australia, 1999, http://guides.naa.gov.au/good-british-stock/. Details
- Department of Health and Ageing, Improving Aged Care for Forgotten Australians, Australian Government, 9 November 2010, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/ageing-rescare-forgotten-aust.htm. Details
- Fernandes, Andrea, 'Leaving Cambodia: stories of Sydney's Pol Pot survivors - Buntha Nhem's migration memories', in Migration Heritage Centre New South Wales, Migration Heritage Centre New South Wales, NSW Government, 2010, http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/exhibition/leavingcambodia/buntha-nhem/. Details
- Jackson, Elizabeth, 'NSW government issues apology to the Forgotten Australians', in AM, ABC Radio, 19 September 2009, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2009-09-19/nsw-government-issues-apology-to-the-forgotten/1435128. Details
Sources used to compile this entry: 'Archives in Brief 91: 20th century child and youth migration', in Archives in Brief, This Archives in Brief provides a brief overview of the major sources held by State Records that relate to child and youth migration., State Records Authority of New South Wales, 2003, http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/guides-and-finding-aids/archives-in-brief/archives-in-brief-91; Hill, David, The Forgotten Children: Fairbridge Farm School and its betrayal of Australia's child migrants, Random House, North Sydney, 2007, 338 pp.
Prepared by: Melissa Downing
Created: 4 July 2011, Last modified: 4 November 2011