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Legislation Orphanages Act 1879
Colony of Queensland
Please note that this page reproduces the original language used in the historical sources drawn upon to compile this entry. This language includes offensive and derogatory terms which are today considered unacceptable. We apologise for any offence caused by such language.
Under The Orphanages Act of 1879, orphanages were charged with the care, teaching and training of children whose circumstances included death of one or both parents, desertion by parents, or neglect. The Act also provided for the boarding-out, hiring-out and apprenticing of orphanage children
The Orphanages Act 1879 permitted destitute or deserted children under the age of 12 years to be sent to an orphanage and to remain there until they reached 12 years of age, unless boarded out with a 'trustworthy and respectable person' or hired out or apprenticed. A child could be hired out or become an apprentice at 10 years of age. At this time, the state subsidised orphanages in Brisbane, Rockhampton and Townsville, and an inspector of orphanages was appointed. Parents or relatives of children living in these institutions were expected to contribute to their support.
1865 Industrial and Reformatory Schools Act 1865
1879 Orphanages Act 1879
1911 State Children Act 1911
1965 Children's Services Act 1965
1980 Bail Act 1980
1992 Juvenile Justice Act 1992
1999 Child Protection Act 1999
- Orphanages Act 1879 (Qld), 1879. Details
- To Remove and Protect: laws that changed Aboriginal lives, Queensland Legislation, 2009, http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/collections/exhibitions/remove/qld/legislation.html. Details
- Department of Child Safety, 'Child protection legislation: an historical perspective', State of Queensland, 2006, http://www.communities.qld.gov.au/childsafety/about-us/legislation/child-protection-legislation-an-historical-perspective. Details
Sources used to compile this entry: To Remove and Protect: laws that changed Aboriginal lives, Queensland Legislation, 2009, http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/collections/exhibitions/remove/qld/legislation.html; Department of Child Safety, 'Child protection legislation: an historical perspective', State of Queensland, 2006, http://www.communities.qld.gov.au/childsafety/about-us/legislation/child-protection-legislation-an-historical-perspective.
Prepared by: Cate Elkner
Created: 1 February 2011, Last modified: 13 December 2011