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Western Australia - Organisation

Marribank (1952 - 1988)

  • Click to view details about this Photograph

    Marribank Mission, January 1958 [picture], 15 December 2013, courtesy of State Library of Western Australia.
    Details

From
1952
To
1988
Categories
Baptist, Home, Mission and Protestant
Alternative Names
  • Marribank Family Centre (also known as)
  • Marribank Family Services (also known as)

Marribank, near Katanning, was run by the Baptist Union as an Aboriginal mission from November 1952, when it continued the Marribank Farm Training School. Marribank accepted children who were wards of the state and private admissions. By the 1970s, Marribank was reported as operating with a community development model and by the 1980s was offering family support programs in cottages on the old mission site and in Katanning. Marribank had closed by January 1989.

Details

Marribank, near Katanning, began on 1 November 1952 when the Department of Native Welfare handed over Marribank Farm Training School to the Baptist Union 'for establishment as a mission on a walk-out-walk-in basis' according to the Department of Native Affairs in its 1953 Annual Report.

Until 1963, children and young people at Marribank were under the guardianship of the Commissioners of Native Affairs and Native Welfare.

When Marribank was surveyed as part of a project to discover the residential facilities for Aboriginal schoolchildren in 1971, it was noted that children and young people at Marribank were going to primary and high school in Katanning.

By 1979, Marribank had opened a cottage in Katanning and had moved from dormitory accommodation to a cottage care model on the Marribank site.

In 1982, the Consultative Committee on Residential Child Care described Marribank as having evolved from a mission that had been mostly involved with child care to facility with a community development service model.

By 1983, Marribank was offering a Family Support Program where Aboriginal families could receive family reunification and support services, and accommodation assistance. Reportedly, from this time there was an increasing emphasis on working with children as part of a family group, rather than as individuals.

In 1984, Marribank's cottage in Katanning was used for short term emergency care rather than as student accommodation.

In 1985, the Consultative Committee on Residential Child Care outlined the admission criteria for Marribank:

People seeking admission to Marribank 'have to be homeless or evicted, consequently this is a very vulnerable group. People who can cope on the outside are not accepted. Most of the people are self referred, but Marribank has a Board of Aboriginals…who screen and interview people before they are accepted. The Board limits the number of people in the houses, including visitors. Visitors must report to Mr Nunn and they are allowed to stay for a maximum of two days. Unemployed children are not permitted to live at Marribank, unless they do some courses to keep them occupied.' (Report on the Activities of the Consultative Committee in 1984/85, in Signposts 2004, p.314)

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In 1986, an education officer was appointed to Marribank and there are some items in the State Library of Western Australia that date from around this time, which were produced by the Educational Unit at Marribank.

In 1987, the range of programs offered at Marribank were reported as including: an Education Centre program; work therapy; role model relationships; and a museum/tourist centre. For staff, there was professional staff development, and in-service training for cottage parents.

On 30 December 1988, Marribank's funding ceased. Its residential facilities were closed by January 1989.

Records
There may be records for children placed by the Department of Native Affairs, the Department of Native Welfare or the departments responsible for child welfare. The Department for Child Protection and Family Support's Aboriginal Index may also hold information.

The State Records Office of Western Australia also has records, including items that name residents and administration items.

The Department for Aboriginal Affairs in Western Australia may also hold records or other information.

Students who were resident at Marribank after 1969 may have been Commonwealth Secondary Grant recipients. The National Archives of Australia may hold records relating to people who received these grants.

Events

1952 - 1988
Location - Marribank was located 30 km north-west of Katanning. Location: Marribank

Timeline

 1915 - 1922 Carrolup
       1939 - 1951 Carrolup Native Settlement
             1951 - 1952 Marribank Farm Training School
                   1952 - 1988 Marribank

Run By

Related Glossary Terms

  • Stolen Generations (c. 1981 - )

    The 'Stolen Generations' policy of removing children from their families and placing them in institutions has had a long term impact in Western Australia. This been seen as an ongoing factor in the disproportionately high number of Aboriginal children being placed in out of home care in this State, long after the official policies ended.

Related Organisations

Publications

Books

  • Information Services, Department for Community Development, Signposts: A Guide for Children and Young People in Care in WA from 1920, Government of Western Australia, Perth, 2004. pp.313-315. Details

Reports

  • Valadian, Margaret, Report by Margaret Valadian, Department of Native Welfare ?, Perth ?, 196-. Details
  • Wilson, Katrin and Michael V. Robinson., Aboriginal Hostels in Perth : A Comparative Survey, Department of Native Welfare, [Perth, W.A.], 1971. Details

Online Resources

Gallery

Title
Marribank Mission, January 1958 [picture]
Type
Collection
Date
January 1958
Control
Record No. B2604756
Source
State Library of Western Australia

Details

Title
Table 25 Young People at Marribank Certain Years between 1960 and1989
Type
Document
Date
2004
Control
State Library of Western Australia Call No. Q 362.73 SIG and Record No. B2310213
Source
Information Services, Department for Community Development, 2004

Details

Sources used to compile this entry: 'Annual Report of the Commissioner of Native Affairs [and Native Welfare] for the year ended 30th June', in Western Australia Protectors Reports, 2010, http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/collections/exhibitions/remove/wa/protrepo.html. Annual Report of the Commissioner of Native Welfare 1959 p.8.; Information Services, Department for Community Development, Signposts: A Guide for Children and Young People in Care in WA from 1920, Government of Western Australia, Perth, 2004. pp.313-315.; Information Services, Department for Community Development, Signposts: A Guide for Children and Young People in Care in WA from 1920, Government of Western Australia, http://www.signposts.communitydevelopment.wa.gov.au/; Longworth, Alison, Was it worthwhile?, An historical analysis of five women missionaries and their encounters with the Nyungar people of south-west Australia, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia, 2005, http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/163/2/02Whole.pdf. pp.298-299.; 'Woman Inspector', Sunday Times, 23 November 1947, p. Page 8, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59457472. The excellent drawings by children at Carrolup (Marribank) were reported in the newspaper in Perth..

Prepared by: Debra Rosser