The Chief Secretary, Brian Miller, ordered the Inquiry on 3 July after Kevin Lyons, MHA for Braddon, reported 14 allegations made by two staff members against the Principal of Weeroona. Lyons released the allegations to the press on 13 July. It generated considerable interest. The Public Service Commissioner, JH Jillett, conducted the Inquiry. His report was tabled in Parliament on 7 September 1965. It upheld eight of the allegations. The Principal appealed the findings and the Public Service Appeals Board, dropped a further five. However, it supported the Public Service Commissioner's finding that the Principal was 'temperamentally unsuited' to his job. That is why he was moved.
One of the allegations concerned the overuse of the secure unit. The Public Service Appeals Board partially upheld it in that they believed that the conditions were 'improper' and 'unsatisfactory' but that the Principal had not overused the unit. Yet Jillett had found that one girl spent most of four months there, including one month in solitary confinement. Other girls stayed there for up to seven days with only bread, butter, and water for meals. They had nothing to do, inadequate toilet facilities, and almost no daily exercise.
The Board upheld two other allegations. These were the Principal's use of improper language when speaking to the girls and his visits to their dormitories at night without a female member of staff.
To address the situation, in addition to the Principal's transfer to a clerical position, the Public Service Commissioner recommended establishing a visiting committee and implementing the standing orders for the secure unit.
Tension at Weeroona during the investigation became so severe that discipline broke down and it had to be closed temporarily while the Director of the Social Welfare Department looked for new staff.
Meanwhile, Lyons received fresh allegations about Weeroona, many of them predating the Principal's appointment. Most of them related to the secure unit and included extensive use of solitary confinement, sometimes without lighting, the taunting of girls by staff, beatings, physical weakness caused by the diet of bread, butter, and water, and orders to drug the girls to keep them quiet. One girl had set fire to her bedding and another had tried to hang herself. Lack of staff meant that the girls were often alone in solitary confinement, especially at night. Staff at the home who were concerned by the situation were afraid to come forward in case of reprisals, including the loss of their jobs.
Lyons pressed for a Board of Inquiry of three people chaired by a magistrate. Firstly, it would investigate the management of Weeroona since its opening. Secondly, it would consider the administration of the Child Welfare Act. In particular, Lyons believed that the Act had been breached because it stipulated that children under 16 could not be imprisoned. Lyons also believed that if Weeroona had been mismanaged, other homes run by the government probably were too.
Following a debate of 10 hours and 50 minutes, Lyons lost the motion by two votes.
On 4 November, alleging that the Director of Social Welfare, GC Smith, had misled Parliament over the use of the secure unit, he called successfully for a Select Committee. It reported on 24 November.
09 October 2015
Cite this: https://www.findandconnect.gov.au/guide/tas/TE00401
First published by the Find & Connect Web Resource Project for the Commonwealth of Australia, 2011
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