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New South Wales - Organisation

Protestant Orphan School (1850 - 1886)

  • Female Orphan School, Parramatta, 1870-1875, by the American & Australasian Photographic Company [Protestant Orphan School]

    Female Orphan School, Parramatta, 1870-1875, by the American & Australasian Photographic Company [Protestant Orphan School], 1870 - 1875
    Details

From
1850
To
1886
Categories
Government-run, Home, Orphanage and Protestant

The Protestant Orphan School was established in Parramatta in 1850 by the New South Wales Colonial Government. It replaced, and brought together, what had been the Female Orphan School and the Male Orphan School. The Protestant Orphan School housed hundreds of children at a time. It was closed in 1881, after the boarding out system was introduced.

Details

Orphan schools were established in Sydney in the early 1800s, and the Female Orphan School had been moved to Parramatta in 1818. It was run by a committee and funded by the New South Wales Colonial Government.

In 1850, the Male and Female Orphan Schools were amalgamated to form the Protestant Orphan School. This continued in the same buildings in Parramatta that had been used by the Female Orphan School. The Protestant Orphan School, like the Roman Catholic Orphan School and the Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children, massed many hundreds of children into dormitory-style accommodation. In the 1870s this form of caring for dependent children became increasingly unpopular with reformers.

The Protestant Orphan School was closed in 1886, after the State Children's Relief Board introduced boarding out and took children from large institutions and placed them in the boarding out system (foster care).

The Orphan School buildings were converted to the Rydalmere Hospital for the Insane in 1886. In 1995 the hospital closed and the New South Wales Government gave the buildings to the University of Western Sydney.

Location

1850 - 1886
Location - Protestant Orphan School was situated at Parramatta. Location: Parramatta

Timeline

 1819 - 1850 Male Orphan School
       1850 - 1886 Protestant Orphan School

Run By

Related Glossary Terms

  • Boarding Out (1881 - )

    The introduction of the boarding out system led to the closure of the Protestant Orphan School, as the State Children's Relief Board withdrew children.

    Date: 1881 - 1886

  • Foster Care (1881 - )

    The introduction of foster care led to the closure of the Protestant Orphan School.

Related Legislation

Related Organisations

Publications

Online Resources

Photos

Orphan School Estates Act 1826
Title
Orphan School Estates Act 1826
Type
Document
Date
1826

Details

Female Orphan School, Parramatta, 1870-1875, by the American & Australasian Photographic Company [Protestant Orphan School]
Title
Female Orphan School, Parramatta, 1870-1875, by the American & Australasian Photographic Company [Protestant Orphan School]
Type
Image
Date
1870 - 1875

Details

Sources used to compile this entry: Orphan schools, State Library of New South Wales, 2012, http://www.sl.nsw.gov.au/discover_collections/history_nation/religion/charity/opphan_schools.html.

Prepared by: Naomi Parry