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New South Wales - Organisation

Marella Mission Farm (1948 - c. 1986)

  • The mission farm entrance in 1962

    The mission farm entrance in 1962, courtesy of Penrith Regional Gallery &​ The Lewers Bequest.
    Details

From
1948
To
c. 1986
Categories
Anglican, Children's Home, Foster Care, Home, Mission, Non Government Organisation, Non-denominational and Protestant
Alternative Names
  • Marella Farm
  • Marella Farm for Aborigine Children

Marella Mission Farm originated in 1948 with Gwen and Keith Langford-Smith accommodating Aboriginal foster children on their farm property at Kellyville. By 1949 Langford Smith had set up the Sky Pilot Foundation to run the farm, with the stated goal of caring for Aboriginal children who had been born in New South Wales to mothers who had been evacuated from the Northern Territory in World War II. Marella Mission Farm closed around 1986.

Details

Marella Mission originated with Gwen and Keith Langford-Smith accommodating Aboriginal foster children on their farm property at Kellyville. Keith Langford-Smith then formed the Sky Pilot Fellowship which made evangelical Christian radio broadcasts, and Marella became part of the Fellowship's activities.

The general administration of Marella from 1950-1986 was conducted by Norma Warwick, who was secretary-treasurer of the Fellowship. Between October 1954 and October 1955, Sky Pilot Foundation became incorporated as a not-for-profit organisation.

According to the May 1963 issue of Dawn, Keith Langford-Smith was an author and missionary airman who came from an illustrious Anglican family. His mother was descended from the first woman to cross the Blue Mountains and was the daughter of politician FW Webb, while his father was Canon SE Langford-Smith, rector of St Andrew's Anglican Cathedral and Anglican Archdeacon of Cumberland.

Langford-Smith had lived in the Northern Territory since the 1930s, and had run the Roper River Mission. During World War II, children aged from one to 14 were sent to the Church Missionary Society Home for Half-Castes at Mulgoa. This evacuation would, indirectly, lead to the creation of Marella.

The Nepean Times of 18 February 1960 reported that Langford-Smith addressed the St Marys Rotary Club to seek funds for his mission. He told the Rotary members that he cared for 18 to 20 'selected or deserted children, of aboriginal descent, coming from the Sydney area'. He said the need for the home arose when girls who had been evacuated from the Northern Territory during World War II had not adjusted to being returned to the Territory:

… they missed the pleasures of the towns, and some gradually returned to associate with the worst elements of the metropolis. As a result most of their children are unwanted and neglected. These are the children that are cared for at Marella.

Marella was, therefore, an institution created to deal with a second generation of Aboriginal children removed from their families. However, Marella Mission Farm did not just take in children whose mothers were from the Northern Territory. Children from other Aboriginal communities were sent there, including Rita Wright, who was born at Brewarrina in 1953 to parents from Angledool in New South Wales and Cherbourg in Queensland. As Rita says in Stolen Generations' Testimonies, she was removed from her family in 1955 'by the welfare' and taken to Marella.

Jonathan Cannon, who went to Castle Hill Public School in the 1960s with children from Marella Mission Farm described the dislocation of the Aboriginal children:

With the Aboriginal kids in the class it was very difficult for them. In hindsight I can remember them being placed in the seats near the windows. They were never really educated like we were and they would just sit there looking out the window with a vacant stare as if there was somewhere else they belonged. They were I believe cared for by the headmaster in a very generous way. The headmaster had gardening clubs and he got these children involved in those clubs. They really enjoyed doing that work.

In April 1978 Marella Mission Farm Ltd was formed to take over the assets and liabilities of the Sky Pilot Foundation, so that the land at Kellyville could be donated. At this time Marella ceased operating as a foster home and children were transferred to Church of England group homes.

Marella was mentioned in a 1979 Commonwealth Government report called Why are they in children's homes: report of the ACOSS children's home intake survey. It is thought to have closed some time in the early 1980s. Its involvement with Aboriginal children continued, as it sponsored the Church of England Homes Marella Project.

Marella Mission Farm was later subdivided. It is bounded by present day York Road, Presidents Avenue, Green Road and Marella Avenue. It contains the Bernie Mullane Sporting Complex and YMCA, Kellyville High School and housing.

In 2009 Marella Mission Farm was the subject of a touring art exhibition that was curated by Zona Wilkinson for the Penrith Regional Gallery and Lewers Bequest. The exhibition was called 'Marella: the Hidden Mission' because so few residents of western Sydney knew it was there.

Location

1948 - 1979
Address - Marella Mission Farm was situated at Kellyville, on a site bounded by York Road, Presidents Avenue, Green Road, Marella Avenue. Location: Kellyville

Related Archival Collections

Related Glossary Terms

Publications

Journals

  • Sky pilot news / published by Marella Mission Farm Ltd, 1978-. Details

Reports

  • Hanson, Dallas, Why are they in children's homes: report of the ACOSS children's home intake survey, Australian Department of Social Services: Australian Council of Social Services, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1979, 83 pp. Details

Online Resources

Photos

The mission farm entrance in 1962
Title
The mission farm entrance in 1962
Type
Image
Date
1962
Publisher
Penrith Regional Gallery &​ The Lewers Bequest

Details

General Guide to the Collections in the Samuel Marsden Archives at Moore Theological College
Title
General Guide to the Collections in the Samuel Marsden Archives at Moore Theological College
Type
Document
Date
1987

Details

Sources used to compile this entry: 'Caring for the Australian Native', Nepean Times, 18 February 1960, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100976350; Dawn and New Dawn 1952-1975: A magazine for the Aboriginal People of New South Wales, with Aborigines Welfare Board, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, Canberra, 2005, http://aiatsis.gov.au/collections/collections-online/digitised-collections/dawn-and-new-dawn; Stolen Generations' Testimonies, Stolen Generations' Testimonies Foundation, 2012, http://www.stolengenerationstestimonies.com/; George, Gary and Karen, 'Roper River Mission (1908 - 1988)', in Find & Connect web resource, Find & Connect web resource project for the Commonwealth of Australia, 25 June 2012, http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/ref/nt/biogs/YE00010b.htm; Hanson, Dallas, Why are they in children's homes: report of the ACOSS children's home intake survey, Australian Department of Social Services: Australian Council of Social Services, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1979, 83 pp; Castle Hill House, Interviewee: Jonathan Cannon, born 1958. Interviewer: Noelene Pullen. Date of Interview: January 2010. Transcription: Glenys Murray, January 2010., January 2010, http://www.thehills.nsw.gov.au/Library/Library-e-Resources/Hills-Voices-Online; Irish, Paul, Hidden in Plain View: Aboriginal Historical People and Places in an Urban Sydney Landscape, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, http://web.archive.org/web/20140212012126/http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/research/conf2009/presentations/Day1/MCC4/MC4_UH1_3.pdf; Platt, Matthew and Verdich, Kathleen, General Guide to the Collections in the Samuel Marsden Archives at Moore Theological College, University of New South Wales, 1987, http://myrrh.library.moore.edu.au/handle/10248/4112; Wilkinson, Zona, Marella: The Hidden Mission, Penrith Regional Gallery and the Lewers Bequest, 11 April 2009-28 June 2009, http://www.penrithregionalgallery.org/marella-the-hidden-mission/.

Prepared by: Naomi Parry