The Industrial and Reformatory Schools Act 1865 - with the full title "An Act to provide for the establishment of Industrial and Reformatory Schools" (Act no. 8/1865, 29 Vic No.8) set up special schools to educate and care for neglected children and young offenders under the age of 15 years. The Act allowed Indigenous children to be sent to industrial schools or reformatories on the ground of 'neglect'. Simply being Aboriginal was proof of neglect. For the purposes of the Act, missions were declared to be industrial schools or reformatories to which Indigenous children could be sent. The act was repealed by the State Children Act 1911 on the 30th of November 1911 (Act no. 2 Geo.V.No.13).
Sources used to compile this entry: To Remove and Protect: laws that changed Aboriginal lives, Queensland Legislation, 2009, http://aiatsis.gov.au/collections/collections-online/digitised-collections/remove-and-protect/queensland; Law Research Service, Melbourne Law School, Law Library, The University of Melbourne. 'Find and Connect Project - Queensland Legislation', 4 April 2013, held in the project files at the University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre.
Prepared by: Lee Butterworth
Created: 1 February 2011, Last modified: 24 January 2018