The Woogaroo Lunatic Asylum, located near Woogaroo Creek, was run by the State of Queensland. It opened in 1865 and in the 1880s the name was changed to Goodna Asylum for the Insane.
Evidence shows that children were inmates of Queensland mental institutions however more research is needed to find out about children placed at Woogaroo Lunatic Asylum.
The Woogaroo Asylum was founded by the Queensland government as the first publicly-funded mental health institution in the colony. As well as people with a mental illness, the asylum also housed those who were destitute, ill, or old and without family or other means of support.
The provision of health and welfare services was regarded as the responsibility of charitable and religious organizations in the nineteenth century, however the care and treatment of mental illness was the one exception.
Woogaroo Asylum's first patients were transferred from the Brisbane Gaol on 10 January 1865. The Brisbane Courier of 14 January 1865 reported that:
On Tuesday morning last, the lunatics, which hitherto have been confined in Brisbane Gaol, were removed to the new Asylum at Woogaroo. They were conveyed to the steamer Settler in cabs, under the supervision of Mr. Warder Phillips, who was accompanied by four ordinary wardsmen and by ten constables. Tho female lunatics were under the charge of two female warders. The embarkment was very successfully managed, considering that there were 57 males and 12 females, and we understand that all were safely lodged in their new quarters.
The first buildings consisted of a male division, erected near the creek, and a female division, located further up the hill. The superintendent quarters stood in between. Due to recurring floods additional buildings were erected further up the hill.
1865 - c. 1880 Woogaroo Lunatic Asylum
c. 1880 - 1898 Goodna Asylum for the Insane
1898 - c. 1940 Goodna Hospital for the Insane
c. 1940 - 1963 Brisbane Mental Hospital
1963 - 1969 Brisbane Special Hospital
1969 - 2001 Wolston Park Hospital
2001 - The Park Centre for Mental Health
Sources used to compile this entry: 'Telegraphic', Brisbane Courier, 14 January 1865, pp. 4-5, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1266991; Finnane, Mark, Wolston Park Hospital 1865-2001: A Retrospect, Queensland Review, vol. 15 (2), University of Queensland Press, St Lucia, 2008, 39-58 pp, http://www98.griffith.edu.au/dspace/bitstream/handle/10072/22957/54722_1.pdf?sequence=1; Queensland Health, The road to recovery - a history of mental health services in Queensland 1859-2009, Queensland Government, 2013, https://www.health.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0028/444583/qld-mh-history.pdf.
Prepared by: Lee Butterworth
Created: 22 April 2013, Last modified: 27 April 2018