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South Australia - Organisation

Girls' Probationary School (1901 - 1945)

  • Fullarton

    Fullarton, c. 1913, courtesy of State Library of South Australia.
    Details

From
1901
To
1945
Categories
Home and Salvation Army
Alternative Names
  • Beaumont Girls' Home (1905 - 1910)
  • Norwood Girls' Home (1910 - 1913)
  • Woodville Girls' Home (1901 - 1905)

The Girls' Probationary School opened in 1901 in Woodville. It was run by the Salvation Army under the control of the government as an institution for girls who were State children considered to have behavioural problems. The School moved suburbs several times until 1912 when it was finally relocated to Fullarton. A number of Aboriginal girls were also sent to the School. In 1945 the government ceased control of the School and it was renamed The Salvation Army Girls' Home, Fullarton.

Details

The Girls' Probationary School first opened at Woodville in 1901 as an alternative probationary home to which State wards could be sent rather than being placed in the government run Redruth Girls' Reformatory at Burra or the Catholic Girls' Reformatory at Kapunda.

During the late nineteenth century, the Salvation Army approached the government with the suggestion that it could take over the care of State children, particularly those who had been committed to a reformatory. The Government, however, preferred to keep control of its reformatories for Protestant children and instead negotiated with the Salvation Army to develop Probationary Schools. These Schools were to be intermediate Homes for children who had not been committed to a reformatory but were deemed to require stronger discipline and more training than they would receive in the Edwardstown Industrial School.

Most girls at the Girls' Probationary School were placed there for truancy or 'troublesome behaviour'. Some girls committed to the reformatories at Burra and Kapunda were moved to the Probationary School, but most came directly from Edwardstown Industrial School or were admitted privately.

The Girls' Probationary School, also known as The Haven, was run by the Salvation Army but under the absolute control of the State Children's Council and its successor the Children's Welfare and Public Relief Board.

The School moved a number of times during its first 12 years. Girls were first accommodated at Tenterden, a two-storey residence at Woodville. When the lease expired in 1905, the School moved to larger premises at Beaumont. This property, known as Sea View House, was set on 12 acres (4.8 hectares) of extensively planted grounds and accommodated 32 girls. In 1910, after complaints about Probationary School girls 'lowering the moral tone' of the nearby Burnside Primary School, The Salvation Army moved the girls to a new residence at Norwood. Thirty girls were housed in this two-storey building. The majority were those charged as neglected by the State Children's Court.

In 1912, at the expiry of the Beaumont lease, the School moved to its final location at Florence Street, Fullarton. This larger house had twenty-one rooms, accommodated 50 girls and 6 staff members, and was regarded as a 'new star in The Salvation Army sky'. A coach house on the property was renovated in 1916 to make two schoolrooms.

In 1939 The Salvation Army magazine, The War Cry, reported that a number of Aboriginal girls had completed a three-year course of training in the domestic arts. The Department of Aboriginal Affairs subsidised the cost of the course and had enrolled a number of new girls each year. All resident girls were educated at the School.

In 1944 the Salvation Army informed the Children's Welfare and Public Relief Board that it intended to close the School. In 1945 the Board ceased control of the Girls' Probationary School and removed it from the gazetted list of government approved private institutions. All State children were sent to other institutions. The Salvation Army, however, continued to take in girls privately and the Probationary School was renamed The Salvation Army Girls' Home, Fullarton.

Location

1901 - 1905
Location - The Girls' Probationary School was situated at Tenterden, Woodville. Location: Woodville
1905 - 1910
Location - The Girls' Probationary School was situated at Sea View House, Beaumont. Location: Beaumont
1910 - 1912
Address - The Girls' Probationary School was situated at 5 Charles Street, Norwood. Location: Norwood
1912 - 1945
Address - The Girls' Probationary School was situated at 39 Florence Street, Fullarton. Location: Fullarton

Timeline

 1901 - 1945 Girls' Probationary School
       1945 - 1969? The Salvation Army Girls' Home, Fullarton
             1969 - 1986 Fullarton Children's Home

Related Archival Series

Related Organisations

Publications

Online Resources

Photos

Tenterden House
Title
Tenterden House
Type
Image
Date
1901? - 1905?
Source
The Advertiser

Details

Fullarton
Title
Fullarton
Type
Image
Date
c. 1913
Source
State Library of South Australia

Details

Salvation Army officers talking to children
Title
Salvation Army officers talking to children
Type
Image
Date
c. 1918
Source
State Library of South Australia

Details

A Salvation Army officer visiting an Institution
Title
A Salvation Army officer visiting an Institution
Type
Image
Date
1920
Source
State Library of South Australia

Details

Salvation Army Girls' Home, Fullarton
Title
Salvation Army Girls' Home, Fullarton
Type
Image
Date
1930? - 1950?
Source
Salvation Army Southern Territorial Archives

Details

Sources used to compile this entry: George, Karen, Finding your own way, Nunkuwarrin Yunti of South Australia Inc., 2005, http://nunku.org.au/resources/; Mullighan, the Hon E.P., Children in State Care Commission of Inquiry: Allegations of sexual abuse and death from criminal conduct, presented to the South Australian Parliament by the Hon. E.P. Mullighan QC, Commisioner, Children in State Care Commission of Enquiry, Adelaide, South Australia, 2008, 564 pp, https://www.childprotection.sa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/107201/children-in-state-care-commission-of-inquiry-introducation.pdf; Parliament of Australia, 'Submission 46, Appendix "Children's Homes: a list of openings, closings and function'. The Salvation Army Australia Southern Territorial Headquarters', Submissions received by the committee as at 17/3/05, Commonwealth of Australia, 2005, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Community_Affairs/Completed_inquiries/2004-07/inst_care/submissions/sublist.

Prepared by: Gary George and Karen George