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Victoria - Organisation

Department for Neglected Children (1887 - 1900)

Colony of Victoria

From
1887
To
1900
Categories
Care Provider and Government Agency

The main responsibility of the Department for Neglected Children upon its establishment was the maintenance and management of 'neglected' children including: supervision of State wards in receiving houses and probationary schools, provision of trade apprenticeships programs, 'boarding out' of children in the service of persons willing to take charge of their maintenance and education, provision of assistance to non-wards.

Details

Almost since the introduction of the Neglected and Criminal Children's Act in 1864, the impropriety of dealing with 'neglected' children and 'uncontrollable' children together had been acknowledged. This led in 1887 to the proclamation of two new statutes: the Neglected Children's Act and the Juvenile Offenders' Act. With these new laws, responsibility for 'neglected' children was assumed by a Department for Neglected Children, and a Department for Reformatory Schools assumed responsibility for convicted juveniles.

Although responsibility was statutorily separated in this manner it is evident that both departments continued to be administered jointly within the Chief Secretary's Department.

Timeline

 1864 - 1887 Department of Industrial and Reformatory Schools
       1887 - 1900 Department for Neglected Children
             1901 - 1924 Department for Neglected Children
                   1924 - 1960 Children's Welfare Department
                         1960 - 1970 Social Welfare Branch
                               1970 - 1978 Social Welfare Department
                                     1978 - 1985 Department of Community Welfare Services
                                           1985 - 1992 Community Services Victoria
                                                 1992 - 1995 Health and Community Services
                                                       1995 - 2014 Department of Human Services
                                                             2015 - Department of Health & Human Services

Provided 'Care' At

Related Legislation

  • Infant Life Protection Act 1907 (1907 - 1915)

    Under provisions of the Infant Life Protection Act 1907 the Department assumed responsibility from the Office of the Chief Commissioner of Police in 1907 for the registration of homes providing non-parental care to infants.

  • The Neglected Children's Act 1887 (1888 - 1890)

    With the passage of the Neglected Children's Act 1887, responsibility for neglected children was transferred from the Department of Industrial and Reformatory Schools, to the Department for Neglected Children.

Related Organisations

  • Department for Reformatory Schools, Colony of Victoria (1887 - 1900)

    In 1887, the Department for Industrial and Reformatory Schools was split into two separate government agencies - the Department for Neglected Children was responsible for neglected children, and the Department for Reformatory Schools was responsible for juvenile offenders.

Publications

Reports

  • Department for Neglected Children and Reformatory Schools. Report of the Secretary., Government Printer, Melbourne, 1888 - 1924. Details
  • Guillaume, George; Connor, Edward C., The Development and Working of the Reformatory and Preventive Systems in the Colony of Victoria, Australia, 1864-1890, Government Printer, Melbourne, 1891. Also available at http://handle.slv.vic.gov.au/10381/243591. Details

Online Resources

  • 'Agency VA 1466 Department of Industrial and Reformatory Schools', in Public Record Office Victoria Online Catalogue, Agency details, catalogue entry, Public Record Office Victoria, 2005, http://www.prov.vic.gov.au. Details

Sources used to compile this entry: 'Agency VA 1466 Department of Industrial and Reformatory Schools', in Public Record Office Victoria Online Catalogue, Agency details, catalogue entry, Public Record Office Victoria, 2005, http://www.prov.vic.gov.au; Guillaume, George; Connor, Edward C., The Development and Working of the Reformatory and Preventive Systems in the Colony of Victoria, Australia, 1864-1890, Government Printer, Melbourne, 1891. Also available at http://handle.slv.vic.gov.au/10381/243591.

Prepared by: Cate O'Neill