The Aborigines Protection Act 1886 established the Aborigines Protection Board. The Board's functions included submitting proposals to the Governor relating to the care, custody or education of the children of 'Aboriginals' and exercising a general supervision and care over all matters affecting the interests and welfare of the 'Aboriginals'. The Aborigines Protection Act 1886 was repealed by the Aborigines Act 1905.
'The Aborigines Protection Act of 1886 distinguished between people of mixed Aboriginal and European descent who lived with Aborigines and who were classed as Aboriginal, and those who did not associate with Aborigines and who were therefore not classified as Aboriginal themselves.(p.63)
The 1905 Aborigines Act sought to settle the matter of who was Aboriginal by making the definition of Aboriginal dependent on biological make-up rather than an individual's social association and lifestyle. However this led to greater difficulties for people who had hitherto regarded themselves as outside any legislation affecting Aborigines because their life-style was the same as other members of the community who were not Aboriginal. (p.67)'