The Child Endowment Act 1941 was Commonwealth legislation which introduced the payment of weekly sums to the mother for her children under the age of 16. When child endowment began in 1941, children in State or Commonwealth institutions were excluded. (Religious or charitable children's Homes were eligible to receive child endowment.) From July 1942, child endowment was extended to children living in government-run institutions, and Aboriginal children living on missions. The act was repealed by the Social Services Consolidation Act 1947. Child endowment payments were replaced by the family allowance in 1976.
Sources used to compile this entry: Social Policy Group, Social Security Payments for People Caring for Children, 1912-2008: a chronology, Commonwealth of Australia, 2009, http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/BN/0809/children.
Prepared by: Cate O'Neill
Created: 11 November 2011, Last modified: 24 March 2016