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New South Wales - Legislation

State Children Relief Act 1881 (1881 - 1901)

  • An Act to establish a System of boarding-out Children. [5th April, 1881.]

    An Act to establish a System of boarding-out Children. [5th April, 1881.], 5 April 1881, courtesy of NSW legislation.
    Details

From
1881
To
1901
Categories
Principal Act
Alternative Names
  • An Act to establish a System of boarding-out Children (Long title)
Website
http://www.legislation.nsw.gov.au/sessionalview/sessional/act/1881-5a.pdf

The State Children Relief Act of 1881 [24/1881 (44 Vic. No.24)] created the State Children's Relief Board [SCRB], a body of nine members that reported to the Colonial Secretary. Its task was to remove children from state-funded institutions and board them out, or foster them, with working class families. This Act enabled the SCRB to pay fees to foster families, and to supervise foster children, and place them in apprenticeship as it saw fit. Within five years, almost all children who had been in the care of the Benevolent Society and the Roman Catholic and Protestant Orphanages were in the boarding out system. This Act was amended by the State Children Relief (Amendment) Act 1896. It was repealed by the State Children Relief Act 1901.

Details

At first, only children who had already been placed in institutions could be boarded out, but the Act was amended in 1901 to enable the SCRB to commit children directly to its care. An earlier amendment in 1896 had enabled the SCRB to pay a half-rate of the boarding out allowance to widows and deserted wives who were considered respectable enough to keep their children.

Timeline

 1881 - 1901 State Children Relief Act 1881
       1901 - 1923 State Children Relief Act 1901
             1923 - 1939 Child Welfare Act 1923
                   1939 - 1987 Child Welfare Act 1939
                         1965 - 2003 Adoption of Children Act 1965
                         1987 - 2010 Children (Care and Protection) Act 1987
                               1998 - Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998
                               2000 - Adoption Act 2000

Related Organisations

Publications

Books

  • Ramsland, John, Children of the back lanes: destitute and neglected children in colonial New South Wales, University of New South Wales Press, Kensington, 1986, 249 pp. Details

Newspaper Articles

Reports

  • Report of the State Children's Relief Department, W.A. Gullick, Government Printer, Sydney, 1881-1893. Details
  • Report of the State Children's Relief Board, W.A. Gullick, Government Printer, Sydney, 1894-1920. Also available at https://www.opengov.nsw.gov.au/main. Details

Online Resources

Photos

An Act to establish a System of boarding-out Children. [5th April, 1881.]
Title
An Act to establish a System of boarding-out Children. [5th April, 1881.]
Type
Document
Date
5 April 1881
Source
NSW legislation

Details

Sources used to compile this entry: Report of the State Children's Relief Department, W.A. Gullick, Government Printer, Sydney, 1881-1893; Report of the State Children's Relief Board, W.A. Gullick, Government Printer, Sydney, 1894-1920. Also available at https://www.opengov.nsw.gov.au/main; 'State Children's Relief Board', in State Records Authority of New South Wales website, State of New South Wales through the State Records Authority of NSW 2016, 2012, https://www.records.nsw.gov.au/agency/111; Parry, Naomi, 'Such a longing': black and white children in welfare in New South Wales and Tasmania, 1880-1940, Department of History, University of New South Wales, 2007, 361 pp, http://unsworks.unsw.edu.au/fapi/datastream/unsworks:1369/SOURCE01?view=true; Thinee, Kristy and Bradford, Tracy, Connecting Kin: Guide to Records, A guide to help people separated from their families search for their records [completed in 1998], New South Wales Department of Community Services, Sydney, New South Wales, 1998, http://nma.gov.au/blogs/inside/files/2011/02/connectkin_guide1.pdf.

Prepared by: Naomi Parry