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New South Wales - Glossary Term

Juvenile Offending

The Juvenile Offenders Act 1850 was the first to deal with juvenile offenders in New South Wales but the 1866 Reformatory Schools Act provided for the establishment of reformatory schools, which were an alternative to prison for offenders under the age of 16. The New South Wales Children's Court was established in 1905 and dealt with juvenile offenders, as well as children facing neglect and abuse. Over time, the institutions to accommodate juvenile offenders in the 'care' of the state have been called variously reformatories, training homes, youth training centres, juvenile justice centres and youth justice centres.

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Prepared by: Naomi Parry