The term adoption agency refers to any organization involved in the adoption of babies and children, whether this was mandated by legislation or not. The adoption of children was and is controlled by state laws and the states of Australia introduced their first adoption acts at different times. Prior to the existence of legislation which legally recognized adoption, 'de facto', 'private or unofficial' adoptions took place. These adoptions were organized by individuals (such as midwives, or solicitors), by organizations (such as religious or charitable agencies), as well as by government departments.
Prepared by: Lee Butterworth
Created: 1 November 2011, Last modified: 26 February 2015