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Audit records, Quamby Youth Detention Centre

These records were created by the ACT Human Rights Commission during its audit of the Quamby Youth Detention Centre in 2005. Records contain a staff list, a Policy and Procedures Manual, a residents’ handbook and Code of Conduct, information for parents and guardians, and residents’ lists. Access to these records are restricted as they contain…

Human Rights Commission, Australian Capital Territory

The Human Rights Commission, ACT oversees issues of human rights and justice in the ACT, including ensuring that ACT government agencies are complying with human rights. As part of this work, it undertook an audit into the Quamby Youth Detention Centre in 2005.

Lying-in Home

Lying-in Home was a term to describe a maternity home from the late nineteenth century, a place ‘for the accommodation of females during their confinement and lying-in’, to quote the Western Australian State Children Act 1907. At a lying-in home, a mother could give birth with the help of a midwife (who might not have…

Reception Centre

A Reception Centre was an institution designed to provide short term ‘care’ for children before they were sent to a longer-term placement (typically a foster Home). Children in reception centres often went through a process of ‘classification’ before being placed. The term came into use around the 1950s. Children would return to a reception centre…

Residential Care

Residential care (as distinct from home-based care, like foster care or kinship care) is a term used to describe the placement of children and young people in residential units. Residential care is provided by paid staff employed by a non-government agency. Residential care properties usually house three or four people at a time and these…

Family Group Home

Family Group Home is the name given to a model of ‘care’ where small groups of children are accommodated in buildings that approximate the size and form of a average family home. They began to appear in as a form of ‘care’ in Australia from the late 1940s, following concerns about the lack of individual…

Adolescent Community Placement

Adolescent Community Placement (or ACP) is a term used to describe a home-based care model for young people aged 12 to 18 years who are experiencing crisis and are unable to live with their families for a range of reasons. This type of placement enables young people to reside in a home-like environment with the…

Orphanage

Orphanages or orphan asylums were a prominent feature of Australian urban landscapes from the early nineteenth through to the mid-twentieth centuries. Orphanages founded in both Britain and the United States from the late 18th century were voluntary organisations designed to rescue the children of the ‘deserving’ poor from being admitted to the workhouse. In Australia,…

Youth Justice Centre

Youth Justice Centre is a term from the Victorian Children Youth and Families Act 2005 to describe a residential institution where a young person (aged between 15 and 21 years) found guilty of an offence can be ordered to be detained. Previously, such institutions were known as Youth Training Centres. Click here to see the…

Apology to Former Child Migrants by the British Government

On 24 February 2010, the British Prime Minister Gordon Brown issued an apology to child migrants, for the United Kingdom’s role in deporting thousands of children to Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Some former child migrants were funded by the British Government to go to London and hear the Prime Minister’s statement…