Archives



Visit to Australia of Major-General Hawthorn, director and secretary of Fairbridge Society

Visit to Australia of Major-General Hawthorn, director and secretary of Fairbridge Society is a file held by the National Archives of Australia. It is part of the correspondence files of the Commonwealth Immigration Department. It contains information about the activities of the Fairbridge Society in Australia. Access Conditions Open access. Records The hard copy file…

Borstal

A borstal (or borstall) was a reformatory for young offenders aged about 16 to 21. The term was used between about 1920 and 1970. Click here to see the full Find & Connect glossary

Lying-in Home

Lying-in Home was a term to describe a maternity home from the late nineteenth century, a place ‘for the accommodation of females during their confinement and lying-in’, to quote the Western Australian State Children Act 1907. At a lying-in home, a mother could give birth with the help of a midwife (who might not have…

Children’s Home

Children’s Home is a term commonly used during the period from the 1920s to the 1970s to describe children’s institutions, including orphanages. Click here to see the full Find & Connect glossary

Newcastle Shelter

The Newcastle Shelter was established in 1906 as temporary accommodation for children awaiting hearings at the local Children’s Court, children who were on remand, or who were otherwise in the custody of the police. It operated from the private home of Miss King, who, along with her daughter, ran the shelter with support from the…

Myee Admission and Discharge Registers, State Archives NSW

These are admission and discharge registers created by Myee and held by Museums of History NSW (State Archives). They contain basic information about children admitted to Myee, such as name and date of admission/discharge. There is a large gap in the dates of the registers, between 1945 and 1976. Access Conditions Access to these records…

Catholic Archdiocese of Sydney

The Catholic Archdiocese of Sydney is part of the worldwide Catholic Church. Catholicism arrived in Australia with the convicts and soldiers of the First Fleet in 1788, although the first Catholic ceremony was conducted by French explorer La Perouse. The first Catholic Mass on Australian soil was conducted until 1803 and the foundation stone for…

Asylum

Asylum is a term used throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to refer to a place of refuge for the poor, destitute, aged and dependent, as well as for ‘lunatics’ (an offensive term used in the past to describe people with mental illness). Asylums were generally run by charities or churches, but funded by…

Benevolent Asylum

Benevolent Asylums were private institutions set up in the nineteenth century to house ‘destitute’ men, women and children, expectant mothers (lying-in) as well as ‘deserted wives’, ‘waifs’, ‘neglected children’ and ‘orphans’. Click here to see the full Find & Connect glossary

Reception Centre

A Reception Centre was an institution designed to provide short term ‘care’ for children before they were sent to a longer-term placement (typically a foster Home). Children in reception centres often went through a process of ‘classification’ before being placed. The term came into use around the 1950s. Children would return to a reception centre…