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Visit to Australia of Major-General Hawthorn, director and secretary of Fairbridge Society

Visit to Australia of Major-General Hawthorn, director and secretary of Fairbridge Society is a file held by the National Archives of Australia. It is part of the correspondence files of the Commonwealth Immigration Department. It contains information about the activities of the Fairbridge Society in Australia. Access Conditions Open access. Records The hard copy file…

Borstal

A borstal (or borstall) was a reformatory for young offenders aged about 16 to 21. The term was used between about 1920 and 1970. Click here to see the full Find & Connect glossary

Lying-in Home

Lying-in Home was a term to describe a maternity home from the late nineteenth century, a place ‘for the accommodation of females during their confinement and lying-in’, to quote the Western Australian State Children Act 1907. At a lying-in home, a mother could give birth with the help of a midwife (who might not have…

Children’s Home

Children’s Home is a term commonly used during the period from the 1920s to the 1970s to describe children’s institutions, including orphanages. Click here to see the full Find & Connect glossary

Reception Centre

A Reception Centre was an institution designed to provide short term ‘care’ for children before they were sent to a longer-term placement (typically a foster Home). Children in reception centres often went through a process of ‘classification’ before being placed. The term came into use around the 1950s. Children would return to a reception centre…

Residential Care

Residential care (as distinct from home-based care, like foster care or kinship care) is a term used to describe the placement of children and young people in residential units. Residential care is provided by paid staff employed by a non-government agency. Residential care properties usually house three or four people at a time and these…

Family Group Home

Family Group Home is the name given to a model of ‘care’ where small groups of children are accommodated in buildings that approximate the size and form of a average family home. They began to appear in as a form of ‘care’ in Australia from the late 1940s, following concerns about the lack of individual…

Adolescent Community Placement

Adolescent Community Placement (or ACP) is a term used to describe a home-based care model for young people aged 12 to 18 years who are experiencing crisis and are unable to live with their families for a range of reasons. This type of placement enables young people to reside in a home-like environment with the…

Orphanage

Orphanages or orphan asylums were a prominent feature of Australian urban landscapes from the early nineteenth through to the mid-twentieth centuries. Orphanages founded in both Britain and the United States from the late 18th century were voluntary organisations designed to rescue the children of the ‘deserving’ poor from being admitted to the workhouse. In Australia,…

Uniting Photographs Collection [Methodist and Presbyterian Babies’ Homes]

Uniting Photographs Collection [Methodist and Presbyterian Babies’ Homes] is a collection of around 6,000 photographs, donated to Uniting by former mothercraft trainees who worked at the Methodist and Presbyterian Babies’ Homes. The photographs are of named babies and young children. The majority of the images are from the 1960s and 1970s. Access Conditions Access is…