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Visit to Australia of Major-General Hawthorn, director and secretary of Fairbridge Society

Visit to Australia of Major-General Hawthorn, director and secretary of Fairbridge Society is a file held by the National Archives of Australia. It is part of the correspondence files of the Commonwealth Immigration Department. It contains information about the activities of the Fairbridge Society in Australia. Access Conditions Open access. Records The hard copy file…

Annexe

Annexe is a term used to describe a smaller residential facility that is part of a larger institution. For example, the Victoria Park (Riverbank) Annexe was part of the youth detention facility, Riverbank, even though it was located many miles distant. Click here to see the full Find & Connect glossary

Children’s Homes Files, Western Australian Salvation Army Homes

The Children’s Homes Files collection is a collection of records about Western Australian Salvation Army-run Homes, now held by the Salvation Army Historical Records Department. The files include documents, photographs, newspaper articles and correspondence relating to children’s Homes run by the Salvation Army in WA. There are no personal records held in this series but…

Private Hostel

Private Hostel was a term from Western Australia to describe a place that provided residential accommodation for people with intellectual disabilities which was not operated by or on behalf of the Western Australian or Commonwealth government. Private hostels were licensed by the Minister for Health and could be funded and regulated by government. The term…

Custodial Care

Custodial Care describes a model that was historically used on many people with intellectual disabilities or mental illness. In a custodial care model, a person was not given any treatment to help them improve from their condition at admission. Many children with intellectual disabilities in psychiatric hospitals up to the 1960s suffered as a result…

Receiving Agency

Receiving Agency was the name given to the organisation named as the custodian of children who were sent to Australia as migrants from the United Kingdom or Malta. The term is used mostly for post-World War Two migration, but includes some organisations that were responsible for children who came earlier in the century. Click here…

Scatter Cottage

Scatter Cottage was a term used in Western Australia to describe a model of out of home ‘care’ where a group of children lived in a cottage with houseparents. Scatter cottages were run by institutions but were not located on the same property as main institutional buildings.

Farm School

The Farm School was a model of residential ‘care’ for children, based in a rural area, which trained children (typically boys) in agricultural duties. A Western Australian newspaper article from 1935 described the purpose of farm schools: The policy has been to remove unemployed youth from the scrap heap of idleness, train them, and place…

Community Support Hostel

The Community Support Hostel program was introduced in Western Australia in 1984 by the Department for Community Welfare. These hostels were for children and young people with complex needs who couldn’t be placed in foster care. They accommodated up to 8 children aged from 6 to 17. From 1987, community support hostels also accommodated children…

Borstal

A borstal (or borstall) was a reformatory for young offenders aged about 16 to 21. The term was used between about 1920 and 1970. Click here to see the full Find & Connect glossary