The Department of Community Services recorded in its 1978 Annual Report that the South Australian Royal Commission into the Administration of the Juvenile Courts Act assessed Endeavour House as:
'... a successful experiment in resident/staff relationships, [that] gave the appearance of openness and normality, despite the very high brick wall.'
The only real difference between Endeavour House and the former Tamworth Institution for Boys was that boys were allowed limited communications with each other, and some changes were made to their management.
Parramatta Girls Training School was also renamed in the 1970s, and the goal of the name changes for both institutions was to reduce some of the stigma associated with delinquent youths. In reality, Endeavour House remained a maximum security detention centre for young male offenders aged between 15 and 18 years.
Criminologist Christine Howlett has written that, by 1989, Endeavour House was 'a run-down centre whose antiquated facilities were notorious.' She has reviewed the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody and the files of coroners' inquests into the deaths of three inmates of the home. One occurred in 1987, and two shortly after a riot, on 28 September 1989, that led to boys being locked down in cells without toilet facilities. One of the boys involved in the riot committed suicide in the home, while another committed suicide in the adult gaol at Maitland, where he had been transferred.
The State Library holds a series of images of Endeavour House.
06 May 2022
Cite this: http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/guide/nsw/NE01147
First published by the Find & Connect Web Resource Project for the Commonwealth of Australia, 2011
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