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New South Wales - Organisation

Endeavour House (1976 - 1990)

  • Endeavour House, Tamworth youth corrective institution

    Endeavour House, Tamworth youth corrective institution, 25 May 1977, courtesy of State Library of New South Wales.
    Details

From
1976
To
1990
Categories
Government-run, Home, Juvenile Justice Centre and Reformatory
Alternative Names
  • Institution for Boys Tamworth (Previously known as)
  • Tamworth Home for Boys (Previously known as)

Endeavour House was the name given to the former Institution for Boys, Tamworth in 1976, by the Department of Youth and Community Services, to indicate the institution had been improved and reformed. However Endeavour House was also a maximum-security juvenile detention centre for boys aged between 15 and 18 who had offended in other state institutions or were charged with serious crimes, and any improvements were slight. It closed in December 1989. The facility became, once more, an adult jail.

Details

The Department of Community Services recorded in its 1978 Annual Report that the South Australian Royal Commission into the Administration of the Juvenile Courts Act assessed Endeavour House as:

... a successful experiment in resident/staff relationships, [that] gave the appearance of openness and normality, despite the very high brick wall.

The only real difference between Endeavour House and the former Tamworth Institution for Boys was that boys were allowed limited communications with each other, and some changes were made to their management.

Parramatta Girls Training School was also renamed in the 1970s, and the goal of the name changes for both institutions was to reduce some of the stigma associated with delinquent youths. In reality, Endeavour House remained a maximum security detention centre for young male offenders aged between 15 and 18 years.

Criminologist Christine Howlett has written that, by 1989, Endeavour House was 'a run-down centre whose antiquated facilities were notorious.' She has reviewed the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody and the files of coroners' inquests into the deaths of three inmates of the home. One occurred in 1987, and two shortly after a riot, on 28 September 1989, that led to boys being locked down in cells without toilet facilities. One of the boys involved in the riot committed suicide in the home, while another committed suicide in the adult gaol at Maitland, where he had been transferred.

The State Library holds a series of images of Endeavour House.

Location

1976 - 1990
Location - Endeavour House was situated on Johnston Street, Tamworth. Location: Tamworth

Publications

Books

  • Rubie, Valerie, Sent to the Mountain: A History of Mount Penang Juvenile Justice Centre, Closure Committee of Mount Penang Juvenile Justice Centre, Gosford, 2003, 236 pp. Details

Reports

Online Resources

Photos

Endeavour House, Tamworth youth corrective institution
Title
Endeavour House, Tamworth youth corrective institution
Type
Image
Date
25 May 1977
Source
State Library of New South Wales

Details

Endeavour House, Tamworth youth corrective institution
Title
Endeavour House, Tamworth youth corrective institution
Type
Image
Date
25 May 1977
Source
State Library of New South Wales

Details

Sources used to compile this entry: Report of the Department of Youth and Community Services for the year ended 30 June, New South Wales government, 1976-1988. Also available at https://www.opengov.nsw.gov.au/main; 'Endeavour House', in State Records Authority of New South Wales website, State of New South Wales through the State Records Authority of NSW 2016, https://www.records.nsw.gov.au/agency/1921; Howlett, Christine, Deaths in Custody Australia: No. 3 Deaths in Juvenile Detention, 1980-1992, Australian Institute of Criminology, May 1993, https://aic.gov.au/publications/dic/dic03; Rubie, Valerie, Sent to the Mountain: A History of Mount Penang Juvenile Justice Centre, Closure Committee of Mount Penang Juvenile Justice Centre, Gosford, 2003, 236 pp; Thompson, Geoff, 'Boys home linked to violent deaths', ABC 7.30 Report, 14 December 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/content/2011/s3391221.htm; Thompson, Geoff, 'Boys home turned teenagers into criminals', ABC AM, 14 December 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2011/s3390417.htm; Thompson, Geoff, 'Lawyers say school for crims possibly illegal', ABC AM, 16 December 2011; Thompson, Geoff, 'School for Killers', ABC Investigations Unit, 14 December 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/news/specials/school-for-killers/?WT.svl=news0; Thompson, Geoff, 'Tamworth boys may have been falsely imprisoned', ABC Online Investigations Unit, 16 December 2011, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-12-16/tamworth-boys-may-have-been-falsely-imprisoned/3734094?WT.mc_id=newsmail.

Prepared by: Naomi Parry