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New South Wales - Organisation

Female School of Industry (1827 - 1926)

  • 158. Female School of Industry SH 577

    158. Female School of Industry SH 577, 1872, by Pickering, Charles Percy, courtesy of State Library of New South Wales.
    Details

From
1827
To
1926
Categories
Care Provider, Children's Home, Home and Non-denominational

The Female School of Industry was first established in Macquarie Street in Sydney, then moved to Darlinghurst Road around 1877. It finally moved to Petersham in 1903. It was a girls' home and domestic training home for girls aged 4 to 14. It closed in 1926.

Details

The Female School of Industry was established by a committee led by Eliza Darling, the wife of New South Wales' Governor in 1827. It admitted girls aged between four and nine years of age. Girls were 'trained' in domestic service until they were old enough to be sent out to work, usually at the age of 12 to 14.

It is not clear from the annual reports how girls came to enter the home: presumably they were placed by family members or guardians who were in difficulty, or who wanted training for their daughters. Parents were expected to provide maintenance for their children, if they could, and visitors were only allowed on designated days. Although girls were expected to stay until they reached working age, the annual reports do mention that some were removed from the school 'by their friends'.

The Female School of Industry was dissolved by a special Act of Parliament in 1926 and its remaining assets were vested with the Church of England Archbishop of Sydney. The location of surviving records of the Female School of Industry is not known.

Location

1827 - 1877?
Location - Female School of Industry was situated in Macquarie Street (The Domain). Location: Sydney
1877 - 1903
Location - Female School of Industry was situated on Darlinghurst Road, Darlinghurst. Location: Darlinghurst
1903 - 1926
Location - Female School of Industry was situated at the corner of Shaw and Chester streets, Petersham. Location: Petersham

Related Organisations

Publications

Books

  • Ramsland, John, Children of the back lanes: destitute and neglected children in colonial New South Wales, University of New South Wales Press, Kensington, 1986, 249 pp. Details

Online Resources

Photos

158. Female School of Industry SH 577
Title
158. Female School of Industry SH 577
Type
Image
Date
1872
Creator
Pickering, Charles Percy
Source
State Library of New South Wales

Details

Female School of Industry, 1834 / F. Walker
Title
Female School of Industry, 1834 / F. Walker
Type
Image
Date
1904
Creator
Walker, F.
Source
Margaret K. Muir, State Library of New South Wales

Details

Sources used to compile this entry: Female School of Industry, Annual report of the Female School of Industry, Government Printer, Sydney, 1828-1926; Ramsland, John, Children of the back lanes: destitute and neglected children in colonial New South Wales, University of New South Wales Press, Kensington, 1986, 249 pp.

Prepared by: Naomi Parry