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Tasmania - Organisation

Anchorage Home (1889 - 1920)

  • The Normal School, later the Hobart Town Female Refuge, and then the Anchorage Home - window detail

    The Normal School, later the Hobart Town Female Refuge, and then the Anchorage Home - window detail, 1962, courtesy of Tasmanian Images: Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office.
    Details

From
1889
To
1920
Categories
Babies' Home, Female Rescue Home, Home, Maternity Home and Protestant
Alternative Names
  • Anchorage Refuge Home (Also known as)
  • Anchorage Rescue Home (Also known as)

The Anchorage Home, run by the Ladies Christian Association, opened in 1889. It was initially in Hobart. Later it moved to New Town. The Home was for young single mothers having their first baby. It closed in 1920.

Details

The Anchorage Home opened on 17 September 1889 in Carr Street, off Argyle Street. The house had a sitting room, kitchen, scullery, four bedrooms, and a large yard with room for a garden, a chicken run, and to dry clothes. According to the Mercury:

The house is in a pleasant situation, overlooked by Mt Wellington, and commanding a view of the harbour in the distance. It is not an overcrowded district and while within easy reach of the town, has the advantages of country life.

By 1891, the house had become too small and the Home moved to Argyle Street. In 1894, it moved again, this time to its permanent site in Peddar Street, New Town, in the building of the former Normal School. The building had earlier been used by the Hobart Town Female Refuge, later the Hobart Girls' Industrial School. A letter to the Mercury opposing the move, shows the strength of the stigma against single mothers in the 1890s. The author objected to the site for two reasons. Firstly, the women in the Home could have a bad influence on local young people. Secondly, the Home was too public.

I allege that it is a needless introduction of our young to one of the great evils of life, let the conduct of the inmates be as exemplary as it may. For the inmates themselves, if they are true penitents, the publicity of the place, with its wide, exposed verandahs, the absence of trees and the close neighbourhood of cottage homes must be extremely painful.

The Committee believed that young single mothers having their first child were most likely to reform. Therefore they did not take women with second or subsequent pregnancies. As part of their reformation, the mothers worked in the laundry attached to the Home. This contributed towards the cost of running it.

Mothers and babies remained in the Home for a year. After that, the Committee found them a position, preferably where the children could go too. If that was not possible, the child had to be boarded and the mother paid the costs out of her wages. The Committee did not want mothers to relinquish their babies because taking responsibility for them was part of their reformation. Even so, the difficulties of both caring for and supporting a child meant that many were forced to leave their children in the Home when they left. By 1895, there were 17 children living there.

The Committee tried to persuade the fathers to contribute towards their children's maintenance. Any money they received from them went into a trust account to pay for the child's education or apprenticeship.

The Anchorage Home closed in 1920 because it could not compete with the Anglican Home of Mercy and the Salvation Army's Elim Maternity Home. The Committee donated the Home's trust money to Elim. The Anchorage Home had been the first rescue home to open in Hobart.

Location

1889 - 1891
Location - The Anchorage Home was in Carr Street, Hobart. Location: Hobart
1891 - 1894
Location - The Anchorage Home was in Argyle Street, Hobart. Location: Hobart
1894 - 1920
Location - The Anchorage Home was in Pedder Street, New Town. Location: New Town

Related Concepts

  • Single Mothers

    The Anchorage Home provided a place for young single mothers and their babies to live.

Related Glossary Terms

Related Organisations

Publications

Books

  • Evans, Caroline, 'Everything prompt': D. Williams Builders, Pty Ltd, 1855-2005, D Willimas Builders, Pty Ltd, Hobart, 2005, 124 pp. Details

Theses

  • Alexander, Alison, 'The public role of women in Tasmania, 1803 - 1914', PhD thesis, University of Tasmania, 1989. Details

Online Resources

Photos

The Normal School, later the Hobart Town Female Refuge, and then the Anchorage Home - before demolition
Title
The Normal School, later the Hobart Town Female Refuge, and then the Anchorage Home - before demolition
Type
Image
Source
Tasmanian Images: Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office

Details

The Normal School, later the Hobart Town Female Refuge, and then the Anchorage Home - window detail
Title
The Normal School, later the Hobart Town Female Refuge, and then the Anchorage Home - window detail
Type
Image
Date
1962
Source
Tasmanian Images: Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office

Details

The Normal School, later the Hobart Town Female Refuge, and then the Anchorage Home - before demolition
Title
The Normal School, later the Hobart Town Female Refuge, and then the Anchorage Home - before demolition
Type
Image
Date
1962
Source
Tasmanian Images: Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office

Details

Sources used to compile this entry: 'Hobart Anchorage', The Mercury (Hobart), 25 September 1889, p. 3, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9220360; 'Anchorage Refuge Home: Annual Meeting', The Mercury (Hobart), 16 September 1891, p. 3, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12726689; 'Epitome of news: Anchorage Home', The Mercury (Hobart), 8 March 1895, p. 2, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9323703; 'Epitome of news: false alarm', The Mercury (Hobart), 30 July1900, p. 2, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12805492; 'Ladies Christian Association', The Mercury (Hobart), 7 September 1905, p. 3, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12317461; 'The Anchorage Home', The Mercury (Hobart), 8 November 1919, p. 4, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12357718; 'The Protestant Anchorage Home', The Mercury (Hobart), 23 September 1920, p. 4, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11493038; 'Eidelweiss', 'Letters to the editor: the Anchorage Home', The Mercury, 11 June 1894, p. 3, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13293527; 'Occupations of the People., TABLE XXIII.-Return giving the Lists of Occupations of Female Inmates enumerated in the various Establishments on 31st March, 1901.', in Historical Census and Colonial Data Archive, Data taken from the 1901 Tasmanian Census, http://hccda.anu.edu.au/pages/TAS-1901-census-05_430.

Prepared by: Caroline Evans