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Western Australia - Organisation

Salvation Army Industrial School for Girls, Collie (1901 - 1920)

  • Salvation Army Girls Industrial School, Collie, 1906

    Salvation Army Girls Industrial School, Collie, 1906, 1907, courtesy of Department for Child Protection and Family Support, Superintendent of Public Charities and Inspector of Industrial and Reformatory Schools, Report 1906, after p.22.
    Details

From
1901
To
1920
Categories
Home, Industrial School, Protestant, Reformatory and Salvation Army
Alternative Names
  • Collie Homes No.3 and No.4 (also known as, 1919)
  • Home of Peace (also known as, 1902)
  • Home of Rest (possibly also known as, 1902)
  • No. 1 Girls' Home (also known as, 1919)
  • Salvation Army Industrial School for Senior Protestant Girls (also known as, 1902 - )

The Salvation Army Industrial School for Girls was established at Collie in 1901. It was an industrial school (reformatory) for 'senior Protestant girls' but also admitted girls under 12. When it closed in 1920, the girls were sent to the Seaforth Salvation Army Girls' Home, Gosnells.

Details

The Salvation Army opened an 'industrial school' (reformatory) for 'senior Protestant girls', admitting its first girls on 26 September 1901, nearly 5 kilometres from the township of Collie, Western Australia. It was one of three institutions set on 8,093 hectares of land held by the Salvation Army. The establishment of these institutions received wide publicity and glowing accounts were published in the newspapers in the early 1900s.

In 1902, there were 12 girls at the Home in June and 19 girls in December, aged from around 6 to 14 years. They were taught sewing, cookery, housework and domestic duties, according to government reports, and played 'croquet, rounders, and various other games' as well as 'parlour games' and performing musical items.

In 1903, an item from the Salvation Army's newspaper, the War Cry reported that there were 32 girls at Collie, all of whom had been 'saved' (that is, they had become Salvationists).

Another War Cry item in October 1905 gave a description of the 'happiness' of girls who were 'gathered from all over the State' to live at the Home. Children included those who were referred by child welfare authorities and those who were private admissions. In 1905, this included at least one Aboriginal child and a girl who was blind.

In 1908, the three Children's Homes at Collie were vilified in the Sunday Times newspaper, which alleged children suffered overwork, unduly harsh punishment and poor food and living conditions. In the words of the newspaper, the Homes were 'coffinages'.

'General instructions' regarding punishment at the Home were included in the Salvation Army's 'Punishment Book'. Discipline was meant to be 'mild and firm' with corporal punishment a 'last resort', but could be 'inflicted in the presence of a witness' for 'absconding, offences against morality, for gross impertinence, or for wilful and persistent disobedience'. Corporal punishment was not meant to be used for 'trivial breaches of discipline' and boxing children's ears was 'strictly forbidden'. All cases of corporal punishment were to be recorded in the Punishment Book immediately after the child was punished. The date, 'detail of the offence, number of strokes administered, and the name of the witness' were to be recorded. The instructions also gave guidance for 'light punishments' for other offences. These included: taking away a child's privleges and confining the child to a room 'but not in darkness'. It was also allowed to reduce the quantity or quality of food allowed to a child, who could be given 'eight ounces of bread and water' instead of the normal meal, 'but no child must be deprived of two meals in succession'. The punishments were intended to comply with the Regulations of the State Children Act 1907.

A letter of appreciation of the The Daily News Orphans' Christmas Cheer Fund in 1915 gives an insight into life at the Girls' Home at Collie. The letter shows that donations enabled the children to occasionally have extras that were not part of their daily experience:

The money has been spent in presents, cards, and edibles for Christmas Day, and a picnic on Boxing Day. Letter, 27 December 1915 published in The Daily News 2 December 1916, p.10

In 1920, the institution closed. Some girls were sent to the Seaforth Salvation Army Girls' Home in the Perth suburb of Gosnells, and 56 others were sent to the Salvation Army Girls' Home, Cottesloe.

Events

1901 - 1920
Location - The Salvation Army's Industrial School for Girls was located on a site approximately 5 kilometres from the Collie township . Location: Collie

Timeline

 1901 - 1920 Salvation Army Industrial School for Girls, Collie
       1920 - 1942 Seaforth Salvation Army Girls' Home

Related Archival Series

Related Glossary Terms

Related Legislation

Related Organisations

Publications

Newspaper Articles

  • 'Mrs McKie at the Collie', The War Cry, 27 June 1903. Details
  • 'With the Collie girls', The War Cry, 28 October 1905, p. 4. Details
  • 'Distinguished Visitors at the Boys' Home, Collie, W.A.', The War Cry, 20 July 1918. Details
  • 'The Chief in the West', The Victory, 1 October 1919, pp. 293-294. Details
  • 'West Australia', The Victory, 1 September 1921. Details
  • 'Salvos given a caning', Sunday Times, 19 November 1995. Details
  • 'Collie thanks God for the Salvos', The Collie Mail, 30 December 1999. Details

Reports

  • Western Australia. Charities Department, Report by the Superintendent of Public Charities and Inspector of Industrial and Reformatory Schools, Government Printer, Perth, [W.A.], 1899-1907. 1902, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1907. Details

Online Resources

Photos

Settlement Work at the Collie
Title
Settlement Work at the Collie
Type
Document
Date
1 June 1902
Source
Salvation Army Heritage Museum WA, Collie Estate child homes closed file

Details

General instructions
Title
General instructions
Type
Document
Date
1907 - 1920
Source
Salvation Army Heritage Museum WA, Collie Estate child homes closed file

Details

Salvation Army Girls Industrial School, Collie, 1906
Title
Salvation Army Girls Industrial School, Collie, 1906
Type
Image
Date
1907
Source
Department for Child Protection and Family Support, Superintendent of Public Charities and Inspector of Industrial and Reformatory Schools, Report 1906, after p.22

Details

The Army's Homes for Wayward Girls
Title
The Army's Homes for Wayward Girls
Type
Document
Date
18 July 1908
Source
Salvation Army Heritage Museum WA, Newspaper item on display

Details

The young residents of the Collie Girls Home, 1901-1920
Title
The young residents of the Collie Girls Home, 1901-1920
Type
Image
Date
1992
Source
Salvation Army Heritage Museum WA, Image on display

Details

Sources used to compile this entry: 'Salvation Army [Collie Homes]', Western Mail, Charles Harper, J.W. Hackett, James Gibey, for the Western mail office, Perth, 14 October 1899, p. 57, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article33170737; 'Industrial and Reformatory Schools [Inspector's Report for 1901]', The West Australian, 22 August 1902, p. 2, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article24841740; 'Salvation Army Settlement at Collie', The West Australian, 14 October 1902, p. 6, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article24845866; 'Mrs McKie at the Collie', The War Cry, 27 June 1903; 'With the Collie girls', The War Cry, 28 October 1905, p. 4; ; 'The Daily News [Christmas Cheer Fund]', The Daily News, 2 December 1916, p. 10, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article81358001; 'Collie Home', The Daily News, The Daily News, 2 August 1920, p. 7, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article79402336; 'Collie thanks God for the Salvos', The Collie Mail, 30 December 1999; General instructions [Document], Date: 1907 - 1920; Logne, IFA, 'Sketches in the District [Salvation Army Homes, Collie]', Bunbury Herald, Bunbury Herald, 22 June 1903, p. 2, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87125438; Settlement Work at the Collie [Document], Date: 1 June 1902; Cottesloe Girls Closed Social Work (1898-1998) file, document titled 'The General's Representative Leaves Australia'.

Prepared by: Debra Rosser