Some people may find content on this website distressing. Read more
New South Wales - Organisation

Gosford Farm Home for Boys (1911 - 1923)

  • Mount Penang 50 years ago and to-day

    Mount Penang 50 years ago and to-day, c. 1962
    Details

From
1911
To
1923
Categories
Government-run, Home, Industrial School, Juvenile Justice Centre and Reformatory
Alternative Names
  • Gosford Reformatory
  • Mount Penang
  • Mt Penang

Gosford Farm Home for Boys was a reformatory established by the Department of Public Instruction. It was officially opened in 1913 but boys lived there from 1911, as they laboured to build it. The farm home occupied a 700 acre site on Penang Mountain (Mount Penang), near Kariong. It housed boys moved from the Brush Farm Reformatory and the training vessel the Sobraon. Gosford Farm Home for Boys was transferred to the Child Welfare Department in 1923 and became the Gosford Training School.

Details

Gosford Farm Home was formally opened in 1913, but had begun in November 1911, when a party of boys from Sobraon arrived on Penang Mountain, under the leadership of Assistant Superintendent Herbert Wood.

The Minister for Public Instruction, G.S. Beeby, and a committee including Sir Charles Mackellar of the State Children's Relief Board and Frederick Stayner, of Brush Farm Reformatory, selected a 700 acre site on Penang Mountain, near Kariong, for the new home. The site was considered healthy, with beautiful natural surroundings, good water and sufficient land for cultivation.

By 1912 most of the boys from Brush Farm had been moved to the site and work began in earnest. The boys slept in bell tents, in all weathers, while they cleared forest and built dormitories, staff quarters and mess rooms. This was hard, uncomfortable work, but was seen as essential to the reform and development of the boys.

Life for boys at Gosford Farm Home consisted of farm work, with some rudimentary training in skills like boot making. Prayer, marching and drills were all part of the routine.

The site of Gosford Farm Home for Boys is, IN 2014, part of Mt Penang Parklands.

Location

1911 - 1913
Location - Gosford Farm Home for Boys was under construction at Kariong. Location: Kariong
1913 - 1923
Location - Gosford Farm Home for Boys was situated at Kariong. Location: Kariong

Timeline

 1894 - c. 1908 Carpentarian Reformatory for Boys
       1908 - 1912 Brush Farm Reformatory
             1911 - 1923 Gosford Farm Home for Boys
                   1923 - 1945 Gosford Training School
                         1946 - 1987 Mount Penang Training School for Boys
                               1988 - 1991 Mount Penang Detention Centre
                                     1991 - 1999 Mt Penang Juvenile Justice Centre

Run By

Related Organisations

  • Raymond Terrace Home (1913 - 1930?)

    Some boys from Raymond Terrace Home who committed crimes at Raymond Terrace Home, such as absconding, were transferred to Gosford Farm Home

Publications

Books

  • Rubie, Valerie, Sent to the Mountain: A History of Mount Penang Juvenile Justice Centre, Closure Committee of Mount Penang Juvenile Justice Centre, Gosford, 2003, 236 pp. Details

Newspaper Articles

Reports

  • Report of the Minister of Public Instruction on the work of the Child Welfare Department, Department of Education, Sydney, 1921-1931; 1935/36-1954/55. Details

Online Resources

Photos

Mount Penang 50 years ago and to-day
Title
Mount Penang 50 years ago and to-day
Type
Image
Date
c. 1962

Details

Sources used to compile this entry: Report of the Minister of Public Instruction on the work of the Child Welfare Department, Department of Education, Sydney, 1921-1931; 1935/36-1954/55; 'Mount Penang Juvenile Justice Centre', in State Records Authority of New South Wales website, State of New South Wales through the State Records Authority of NSW 2016, https://www.records.nsw.gov.au/agency/486; Parry, Naomi, 'Such a longing': black and white children in welfare in New South Wales and Tasmania, 1880-1940, Department of History, University of New South Wales, 2007, 361 pp, http://unsworks.unsw.edu.au/fapi/datastream/unsworks:1369/SOURCE01?view=true; Quinn, Peter E, Unenlightened efficiency: the administration of the juvenile correction system in New South Wales 1905-1988, University of Sydney, History, 27 March 2006, http://hdl.handle.net/2123/623; Rubie, Valerie, Sent to the Mountain: A History of Mount Penang Juvenile Justice Centre, Closure Committee of Mount Penang Juvenile Justice Centre, Gosford, 2003, 236 pp.

Prepared by: Naomi Parry